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For people diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD , Adderall helps to improve concentration and focus. As a central nervous system stimulant it can also have the very same effects on people without ADHD. Effects can be positive when Adderall is taken as intended, but for people without ADHD who use the drug without medical supervision, the effects can be dangerous. Learn more about the range of effects this stimulant has on your body.
Adderall is a brand name for the combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. The medication alters certain naturally-occurring chemicals in your brain by enhancing the effects of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine. According to the Cleveland Clinic , stimulants like Adderall improve symptoms of ADHD in 70 to 80 percent of children, and in 70 percent of adults. Adderall comes in either a tablet form or as a time-release capsule. It can interfere with sleep, so it should be taken in the morning.
Your doctor will most likely start you off with a low dose to make sure you can tolerate it. Then, the dose can be slowly increased. Before taking Adderall, tell your doctor about any preexisting physical or mental health problems you have and list all other prescription and over-the-counter medications you take. Adderall is a federally controlled substance that should never be taken without medical supervision.
You may be more awake during the day, as well as become more focused and calm. In adults, Adderall may cause changes relating to your sex drive or sexual performance. Serious side effects include fever and weakness , or numbness of the limbs. An allergic reaction to Adderall may cause swelling of the tongue , throat, or face. This is a medical emergency and should be treated immediately. Abusing or overusing Adderall and then stopping suddenly can cause symptoms of withdrawal, such as:. Instead, you may have to wait out the symptoms, which can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.
Maintaining a regular routine can help with the withdrawal. Stimulants can make your blood vessels constrict, raise your blood pressure, and make your heart beat faster. In some cases, Adderall can cause further interference with your blood circulation.
Your toes and fingers may become numb, or start to hurt. They may even turn blue or red. Serious side effects of Adderall include heart attack and stroke. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience chest pain , shortness of breath , difficulty breathing, or fainting.
Adderall can lead to sudden death in people with preexisting heart conditions. Taking Adderall alongside alcohol increases your chances of having heart problems. Adderall may also affect how drunk you feel, which can also increase your chance of alcohol poisoning. Loss of appetite and weight loss are also possible, which can slow down weight gain in growing children who take the medication. Weight loss in adults is a temporary side effect, and appetite should increase as your body adjusts to the medication.
Some people experience allergic reactions, which can cause the skin to itch. Taking Adderall may also result in:. Adderall is a powerful medication. Learn how to cope…. Mixing Adderall with alcohol is a dangerous practice. Find out how the combination can influence behavior and health and lead to alcohol poisoning. Weight loss can be a side effect of Adderall use. But can this ADHD drug be used safely to shed pounds?
Some studies suggest that certain nutritional supplements and herbal remedies can relieve ADHD symptoms. We'll show you which ones are worth trying. Compare their forms, dosing, and costs to help you decide if one is right for you. Effects of Adderall on the Body. Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph. Share on Pinterest. Central nervous system.
Circulatory and respiratory systems. Digestive system. Integumentary system. Read this next. Coping with the Comedown: Managing Adderall Crash. Medically reviewed by Alan Carter, Pharm. Dangers of Mixing Adderall and Alcohol. Adderall vs. Ritalin: What's the Difference? Medically reviewed by Lindsay Slowiczek, PharmD. Medically reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, Ph. Vyvanse vs.Speed drug adderall
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